BREAKING NEWS: UN General Assembly considers draft resolution on FGM

Just in from Khady in NY: at 3 p.m. on October 17, the General Assembly is scheduled to discuss the DRAFT RESOLUTION (pasted below), the fruit of two years’ effort by No Peace with Justice, EuroNet-FGM, and La Palabre, and drafted by representatives of the African Union.

CONGRATULATIONS!

GA/67

Agenda item 28: Advancement of women

Draft Resolution  

                      

“Intensifying global efforts  for the elimination of female genital mutilations”

The General Assembly

PP1. Recalling resolutions 53/117 of 9 December 1998, 56/128 of 19 December 2001, Commission on the Status of Women resolutions 51/2 of 9 March 2007, 52/2 of 7 March 2008, and 54/7 of 12 March 2010, and all other relevant resolutions, (Updated PP1 of CSW 54/7)

PP2. Reaffirming that the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, together with their Optional protocols, constitute an important contribution to the legal framework for the protection and promotion of the human rights of women and girls, (PP3 of CSW 54/7)

PP3. Reaffirming also the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the outcomes of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly, entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century,” the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social Development and their five, ten and fifteen-year reviews, as well as the United Nations Millennium Declaration and the commitments relevant to women and girls made at the 2005 World Summit and reiterated in “Keeping the promise: united to achieve the Millennium Development Goals adopted in 2010, (PP4 of CSW 54/7 updated)

PP4. Recalling the protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, adopted in Maputo on 11 July 2003, which contains, inter alia, undertakings and commitments on ending female genital mutilations and marks a significant milestone towards the abandonment and ending of female genital mutilations, (PP5 of CSW54/7)

PP5. Also recalling the decision of the African Union of 1 July 2011 adopted at Malabo in support of a resolution at the United Nations General Assembly on “banning female genital mutilations,” (new)

PP6. Further recalling the decision of the Commission on the Status of Women taken at its 56th session recommending to the Economic and Social Council the approval by the General Assembly, the consideration of ending female genital mutilations at its sixty-seventh session under the agenda item entitled “Advancement of women,”

PP7. Recognizing that female genital mutilations are an irreparable, irreversible abuse that affects about one hundred to one hundred and forty million women and girls alive today, and that each year a further three million girls are at risk of undergoing the procedure, (PP8 54/7)

PP8. Reaffirming that female genital mutilations, constitute a serious threat to the health of women and girls, including their psychological, sexual and reproductive health, which can increase their vulnerability to HIV and may have adverse obstetric and prenatal outcomes as well as fatal consequences for the mother and the newborn, and that abandonment of this harmful practice can be achieved as a result of a comprehensive movement that involves all public and private stakeholders in society, including men, women and girls, (PP 9 of CSW 54/7)

PP9. Recognizing that negative discriminatory stereotypical attitudes and behaviours have direct implications for the status and treatment of women and girls and that such negative stereotypes impede the implementation of legislative and normative frameworks that guarantee gender equality and prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex, (PP10 of CSW 54/7)

PP10. Recognizing also that the Secretary-General’s campaign “UNiTE to end violence against women” as well as the database on violence against women will contribute to addressing the elimination of female genital mutilations,

PP11. Welcoming the efforts of the United Nations system on ending female genital mutilations, in particular, the commitment of the ten United Nations agencies in their joint statement of 27 February 2008 as well as the UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme to accelerate elimination of the practice, (new based on SG’s report E/CN.6/2012/8)

PP12. Deeply concerned that despite the increase in national ,regional and international efforts and focus on the abandonment of female genital mutilations, the prevalence of the practice continues to be present in all regions of the world, (new based on SG report)

PP13. Also deeply concerned that a tremendous gap in resources continues to exist and the shortfall in funding has severely limited the scope and pace of programmes and activities towards the elimination of female genital mutilations, (new based on SG report)

PP14. Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on ending female genital mutilations(E/CN.6/2012/8)

OP1. Stresses that the empowerment of women and girls is key to breaking the cycle of discrimination and violence and for the promotion and protection of human rights, including the right to the highest attainable standard of mental and physical health, including sexual and reproductive health, and calls upon States parties to fulfill their obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination on All Forms of Discrimination against Women, as well as their commitments to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, the Beijing Platform for Action, and the outcomes of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly, entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century,” and the twenty-seventh special session of the General Assembly on children; (OPI of CSW 54/7)

OP2. Calls upon States to enhance awareness-raising, education and training, to ensure that all key actors, Government officials, including law enforcement and judicial personnel, immigration officials, health care providers, religious and community leaders, teachers, media professionals and those directly working with girls, as well as parents, families and communities work to eliminate attitudes and harmful practices, in particular all forms of female genital mutilations, that negatively affect girls; (Based on OP2 of CSW 54/7).

OP3. Also calls upon States to strengthen advocacy and awareness-raising programmes to mobilize girls and boys to take active part in developing preventive and elimination programmes to address harmful practices, especially female genital mutilations, and to engage community and religious leaders, educational institutions, the media, families and provide increased financial support to efforts at all levels to end those practices; (op3 OF CSW 54/7)

OP4. Urges States to condemn all harmful practices that affect women and girls, in particular female genital mutilations, whether committed within or outside a medical institution, and to take all necessary measures, including enacting and enforcing legislation to prohibit female genital mutilations and to protect women and girls from this forms of violence, and to end impunity; (based on OP4 and 6 of CSW 54/7)

OP5. Also urges States to complement punitive measures with awareness-raising and education activities designed to promote a process of consensus towards the eradication of female genital mutilations and further urges States to protect and support women and girls who have been subjected to female genital mutilations and those at risk including by developing social and psychological support services and care and to take measures to improve their health, including sexual and reproductive health in order to assist women and girls who are subjected to the practice; (Merged OP7 and 14 of CSW54/7)

OP6. Further urges States to promote gender-sensitive, empowering educational processes by, as appropriate reviewing and revising school curricula, educational materials and teacher-training programmes and elaborating policies and programmes of zero tolerance for violence against girls, including female genital mutilations and to further integrate a comprehensive understanding of the causes and consequences of gender-based violence and discrimination against women and girls into education and training curricula at all levels; (OP 10 of CSW 54/7)

OP7. Calls upon States to ensure that national action plans and strategies on elimination of female genital mutilations are comprehensive and multidisciplinary in scope, incorporate clear targets and indicators for effective monitoring and impact assessment and coordination of programmes among all stakeholders; (OP8 of CSW 54/7 and SG Report para 49)

OP8. Urges States to take, within the general framework of integration policies and in consultation with affected communities, effective and specific targeted measures for refugee women and women migrants and their communities, in order to protect girls from female genital mutilations, including when the practice occurs outside the country of residence; (OP 9 of CSW 54/7)

OP9. Call upon States to develop information and awareness-raising campaigns and programmes to systematically reach the general public, relevant professional, families and communities, including through the media featuring television and radio discussions, on the elimination of female genital mutilations; (based on SG’s report)

OP10. Urges States to pursuea comprehensive,, coordinated, systematic approach based on human rights and gender equality principles in providing education and training to families, community leaders and members of all professions relevant to the protection and empowerment of women and girls in order to increase awareness and commitment in the elimination of female genital mutilations; (based on OP11 of CSW 454/7 and SG report)

OP11. Further urges States to ensure the national implementation of international and regional commitments and obligations undertaken as States Parties or as signatories to various international instruments protecting the full enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms of women and girls; (OP 12 of CSW 54/7)

OP12. Calls upon States to develop policies, and regulations to ensure the effective implementation of national legislative frameworks on eliminating discrimination and violence against women and girls, in particular female genital mutilations and to put in place adequate accountability mechanisms at the national and local levels to monitor adherence to and implementation of these legislative frameworks; (OP 15 of CSW 54/7)

OP13. Also calls upon States to develop unified methods and standards for the collection of data on female genital mutilations and to develop indicators to effectively measure progress in eliminating the practice; (based on OP16 of CSW 54/7)

OP14. Urges States to allocate sufficient resources to the implementation of policies and programmes and legislative frameworks aimed at eliminating(abandoning) female genital mutilations; (based on OP17 of CSW54/7)

OP15. Calls upon States to develop, support and implement comprehensive and integrated strategies for the prevention of female genital mutilations, including the training of social workers, medical personnel, community and religious leaders and relevant professional and ensure that they provide competent, supportive services and care to women and girls who are at risk and to women and girls who have undergone female genital mutilations and compel them to report cases to the appropriate authorities where they believe women or girls at risk; (based on OP18 CSW54/7)

OP16. Also calls upon States to support as part of a comprehensive approach to eliminate female genital mutilations, programmes related to alternative livelihood for traditional practitioners of female genital mutilations; (OP19 of CSW54/7)

OP17. Calls upon the international community, the relevant United Nations entities and civil society and international financial institutions to continue to actively support, through the allocation of increased financial resources and technical assistance, targeted innovative programmes that address the needs and priorities of women and girls at risk or subjected to female genital mutilations; (based on OP20 of CSW 54/7)

Op 18. Further calls upon the international community to strongly suupport a second phase of the UNFPA-UNICEF joint Programme on Female Genital Mutilation: accelerating change,which is currently due to end in December 2013, including increased financial support for programmes

OP19. Stresses that some progress has been made in combating female genital mutilations in a number of countries and that a common coordinated approach that promotes positive social change at the community, national, regional and international levels could lead to female genital mutilations being eliminated, with some of the main achievements being obtained in line with the Millennium Development Goals; (OP21 of CSW 54/7)

OP20. Encourages men and boys to take positive initiatives and to work in partnership with women and girls to combat violence and discriminatory practices against women and girls, in particular female genital mutilations, through networks, peer programmes, information campaigns and training programmes; (OP22 of CSW 54/7)

OP21. Calls upon States, the United Nations system, civil society and all stakeholders to observe 6 February as the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation and to use this day to enhance awareness-raising campaigns and to take concrete actions against female genital mutilations; (new)

OP22. Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that all relevant organizations and bodies for the United Nations system, in particular UNFPA, UNICEF, UN Women, WHO, UNESCO, UNDP, and OHCHR, individually and collectively take into account the protection and promotion of the rights of women and girls against female genital mutilations in their country programmes, as appropriate, and in accordance with national priorities, in order to further strengthen their efforts in this regard; (OP 24 of CSW 54/7)

OP23. Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly, at its sixty-ninth session, an in-depth multidisciplinary report on the root causes and contributing factors on the practice of female genital mutilation, its prevalence worldwide, and its impact on women and girls, including with evidences and data, analysis of progress made to dateandaction oriented recommendations for eliminating this practice on the basis of information provided by member states and other relevant stakeholders. (new)

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s